Random Forest#

Ensemble classifier that trains Decision Trees (Classification Trees or Extra Trees) on a random subset (bootstrap) of the training data. A prediction is made based on the probability scores returned from each tree in the forest which are averaged and weighted equally.

Interfaces: Estimator, Learner, Probabilistic, Parallel, Persistable

Data Type Compatibility: Categorical, Continuous


# Param Default Type Description
1 base ClassificationTree object The base tree estimator. The default is a fully grown Classification Tree.
2 estimators 100 int The number of estimators to train in the ensemble.
3 ratio 0.2 float The ratio of random samples (between 0 and 1.5) to train each base learner on.

Additional Methods#

Return the normalized feature importances i.e. the proportion that each feature contributes to the overall model, indexed by feature column:

public featureImportances() : array


use Rubix\ML\Classifiers\RandomForest;
use Rubix\ML\Classifiers\ClassificationTree;

$estimator = new RandomForest(new ClassificationTree(10), 300, 0.1);

// Train the learner

$importances = $estimator->featureImportances();

array(3) {
  [0]=> float(0.39250395133811)
  [1]=> float(0.1555633977313)
  [2]=> float(0.45193265093059)


  • L. Breiman. (2001). Random Forests.
  • L. Breiman et al. (2005). Extremely Randomized Trees.